Milestone C
Shaping Future STEM Leaders

Course Catalog

Curricula Details & Descriptions

Top-Level List: Click on each course to view details & description:

" I was inspired by the amount of growth I saw in each of the students, and I am confident that the skills these students learned will be valuable in their future education and careers.  I encourage every student who has an interest in engineering or aviation to sign up!"

Elizabeth Snape
Science Department Chair

“Milestone C staff are true professionals, very accommodating to work with, and have the best interests of the students in mind.  Their programs are great for students."

Timothy Dee
Academic Dean

“Milestone C courses are a wonderful opportunity for students to experience hands-on STEM learning in a project-based learning environment.  Additionally, students receive exposure to various engineering and aviation career opportunities.”

Victoria White
Supervisor of Professional Learning


introductory course details & descriptions


Aviation & Flight Science (AFS) - Level 1

Prerequisites: Basic Algebra (or equivalent), Physical Science (or equivalent)
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

This high-flying STEM experience was designed by veteran pilots and aerospace engineers as the single most comprehensive, engaging, and dynamic aviation curriculum available to high school students!  The primary objective of the AFS progression is to put high school math and science classes into applied context through the thrilling real-world framework of aviation.  The secondary objective is to equip students with key college & career soft skills including critical thinking, public speaking, task management, and effective teamwork & communication.  Through extensive ground school studies and strenuous flight training on highly-realistic desktop simulators, graduates of this course will be able to boast a significant portion of the same training civilian and military pilot candidates receive in flight school without leaving the safety of the classroom environment.

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"BIG Tech" Pathway (BTP)

Prerequisites: Basic Algebra (or equivalent)
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

BTP is the ideal launchpad for technologically-inclined students who want to learn more and keep their options open specializing in a dedicated STEM field.  It was designed by experienced science & technology professionals with Fortune 500 experience as a project-based, experiential learning laboratory to broaden horizons.  Through diverse conceptual projects emulating real-world career tracks, BTP equips students with the technical and soft skills necessary for success in college and the modern STEM workforce.  In addition to critical thinking, which is foundational, BTP students will get repeated opportunities to practice public speaking, task management, and effective teamwork & communication.  The “BIG Tech” learning track branching out from this introductory course will offer students a well-rounded experience across the wide spectrum of 21st century “tech” industries dominated by big corporations.


Conceptual Engineering Milestones (CEM)

Prerequisites: Basic Algebra (or equivalent)
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Designed by professionals with over 50 years of combined experience as Fortune 500 engineers and engineering managers, this course serves as a broad introduction to the world of corporate engineering.  CEM is a horizon-broadening experience as much as a project-based laboratory to practice key professional skills required in all 21st century STEM industries including critical thinking, public speaking, task management, and effective teamwork & communication.  Through a series of conceptual small-team projects culminating in a hands-on final project, CEM will test the limits of all students’ critical-thinking and collaborative abilities.  The primary objective is to open students’ eyes to the wide variety of career opportunities available to them in 21st century engineering, how to pursue them, and what day-to-day life as a corporate engineer may entail.


intermediate course details & descriptions


Aviation & Flight Science (AFS) - Level 2

Prerequisites: AFS – Level 1
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

AFS – Level 2 builds on the Level 1 foundation as the ultimate hands-on laboratory for students to apply conceptual math, physics, and life sciences topics hands on, in the real-world context of aviation.  The overarching focus of this course is to develop student ability to rapidly visualize and solve complex problems in 3 dimensions by using high school math and science fundamentals.  Furthermore, students will be introduced to the aeronautical design process to broaden their horizons in engineering career fields and opportunities.

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Engineering Design Project

Prerequisites: Basic Algebra (or equivalent), Physical Science (or equivalent)
Recommended previous coursework: CEM or BTP
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

This course is the brainchild of engineers educated under the CDIO (Conceived-Design-Implement-Operate) Initiative developed at MIT in the late 1990s.  The CDIO approach uses active learning tools, such as group projects and problem-based learning, to better equip engineering students with technical knowledge as well as communication and professional skills.  Milestone C’s EDP curriculum has been carefully crafted with a sharp technical focus to groom future design engineers.  Student teams will embark on an extended design project emulating a real-world engineering program complete with requirements analysis, milestone reviews, schedule and budget management, and a detailed test program prior to fielding a complex, physical end-product.  Students will benefit from the technical and soft skills acquired during this course for years to come, regardless of the career path they choose.

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Robotics & Automated Systems (RAS)

Prerequisites: CEM or BTP
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

To an outside observer, this may appear to be a niche industry.  However, robotics is interwoven to the fabric of every single engineering and scientific industry from aerospace and automotive to medicine and nuclear physics.  RAS will feature state-of-the-art technologies to rapidly propel students from foundational topics into articulation, feedback loops, automation, and other advanced concepts while continuing to define the cutting edge of STEM education at each step.  This course is fundamentally project-based, with increasing levels of complexity throughout the semester and culminates in a technical design project.  RAS students’ critical thinking, collaboration, and communication skills will be tested at various stages throughout.  Staying true to Milestone C’s mission to shape well-rounded future STEM leaders, RAS is a must for casual tinkerers and serious career-planners alike.

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advanced course details & descriptions


Aeronautical Design & Test (ADT)

Prerequisites: CEM, EDP
Recommended previous coursework: Geometry and Trigonometry (or equivalent)
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

In this engineering course unlike any other, students will use a cutting-edge simulation software to design an aircraft using geometry-based principles and engineering requirements.  The advanced design effort is not limited to aerodynamics.  ADT students will also design the cockpit of their aircraft with endless possibilities after learning about Human Factors Engineering, which is heavily based on life sciences and focuses on the design of human-machine interfaces.  In the final stage, students will get to render and fly their very own aircraft on a flight simulator.  ADT will conclude with a thorough flight test program to “close the loop,” followed by student team presentations on the design effort, test results, and lessons learned.  This course accurately emulates real-world aircraft design programs on an accelerated schedule.

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Aviation & Flight Science (AFS) - Level 3

Prerequisites: AFS – Levels 1 and 2
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

There is no environment that showcases real-world applications physics and geometry than instrument and formation flight.  AFS – Level 3 students will have to takeoff, navigate the airways, and land at international airports in low visibility conditions by interpreting their flight instruments.  In doing so, they will rely on visualizing pathways in 3-dimensional space while interpreting analytical data containing dynamic variables.  Milestone C places even further confidence in AFS students’ capacity to grasp advanced concepts by introducing formation flight into the curriculum, allowing students to fly within 10 feet of other simulated aircraft.  What better way to solidify and apply your STEM education than to bet your virtual life on it, right?  Level 3 brings the AFS progression full-circle with a final design project, closing the loop between operational aviation and aeronautical engineering.

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Biomedical Research & Engineering (BRE)

Prerequisites: Basic Biology (or equivalent)
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

At the forefront of 21st Century’s breakthrough fields, biomedicine brings scientific research and diverse engineering practices together with possibly the greatest impact on our society of any STEM field.  This course is developed by active biologists, clinical trials managers, and engineers with over 60 years of combined professional experience.  The hands-on research, analysis, problem-solving, and cross-discipline collaboration practices introduced in BSR are certain to open students’ eyes to a whole new world of possibilities where disciplines collide, and the bounds of human achievement are expanded daily.


Drone Technology & Engineering (DTE)

Prerequisites: CEM or BTP
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

In this flagship curriculum, the Milestone C team of aerospace professionals employ cutting-edge technologies and techniques to equip students with key professional skills pertinent not only to the drone industry, but also engineering at large.  DTE students will learn about basic aerodynamics, unmanned aircraft architecture, and drone flight dynamics before applying the engineering process to design, build, and test fly their own drones in small teams, emulating a real-world aerospace engineering program from beginning to end.  Following requirements analysis, design, manufacturing, and flight test, DTE students will embark on an engineering modification program, integrating wireless cameras and First-Person View (FPV) piloting systems on their drones.  This one-of-a-kind aerospace experience culminates in a drone challenge, allowing student teams to compete against each other by applying the knowledge, skills, and experience gained during the course.

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Software Design & Integration (SDI)

Prerequisites: CEM or BTP
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

In today’s global technology network, software is the single common thread tying all disciplines together.  All STEM industries, without exception, benefit from the efforts of software developers, engineers, and integrators on a daily basis.  This lighting-paced course will introduce students to how corporate software projects are developed, managed, integrated, and fielded.  An interface-oriented approach to software development eliminates the need for any prior coding experience.  Students will navigate this complex world following a project-based roadmap and leave with a significant sense of accomplishment and key professional skills after creating professional-caliber apps, games, and control algorithms.  SDI graduates will establish a solid foundation in software development principles.  More importantly, they will gain big-picture understanding of interface management and the engineering process at large.

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specialized course details & descriptions


Drone Operator Prep (DOP)

Prerequisites: None
Recommended previous coursework: AFS – Level 1
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

The emergence of drones in everyday life has captured this generation’s imagination and remotely-piloted systems are undoubtedly the way of the future!  It is estimated there will be 100,000 new civilian unmanned aircraft jobs available by 2025 with an economic impact of 85 billion dollars.  DOP focuses on drone aerodynamics, design architecture, careers, and offers extensive flight training opportunities on highly-realistic drone simulators.  This curriculum also serves as an intensive FAA test prep course for students who wish to become licensed commercial drone operators.  In a truly unique combination, DOP creates a hands-on laboratory environment for students to apply their previous STEM knowledge while opening doors for lucrative and prestigious future career opportunities.

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Technical Project Management (TPM)

Prerequisites: CEM or BTP
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

In this ultimate teamwork and problem-solving exercise, TPM will equip students with industry-standard tools and techniques to effectively evaluate, oversee, and report on the performance of complex technical projects in an experiential learning environment.  Project management requires a combination of technical know-how and business planning skills.  On day 1, TPM students will embark on a simulated corporate project as project managers and system engineers.  Systems engineers provide cross-functional engineering teams oversight and facilitate cohesive, common-pace progress across the design process.  The skills, knowledge, and experience inherent in the TPM curriculum is the subject matter of numerous professional development and certification programs available to corporate employees.  This course is an exceptional college resume builder and students will benefit from the skills

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capstone course details & descriptions


Aeronautical/Astronautical Capstone (AAC)

Prerequisites: CEM, EDP, DTE or ADT, TPM
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

The Aerospace Engineering learning track culminates in a semester-long capstone design project where the students work in cross-functional teams and drive a complex aerospace design project from beginning to end, while managing a budget and project schedule involving multi-faceted business decisions.  AAC will include the following phases:

  1. Requirements Analysis: Students are presented with top-level customer requirements to analyze and negotiate with their simulated customer to ultimately publish a system specification.  The process culminates in a formal System Requirements Review (SRR).

  2. Preliminary & Detailed Design:  Students execute preliminary design outlining basic design decisions to develop the product in compliance with the previously published system specification.  Upon customer approval, detailed design is initiated utilizing trade studies for decision-making.  The process culminates is a Critical Design Review (CDR), where the detailed design is approved for production.

  3. Production: Students manufacture a flyable prototype of their selected design and develop detailed component and system-level testing procedures.  After a successful Test Readiness Review (TRR), formal flight test on the prototype is approved by the customer.

  4. Test & Verification:  Students are required to prove their system capabilities by running formal flight test procedures on the prototype and ultimately declaring whether or not their system complies with the system specification in a final System Verification Review (SVR).


"BIG Tech" Capstone (BTC)

Prerequisites: BTP, EDP or RAS, BRE or SDI, TPM
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

The “BIG Tech” Capstone ties the entire learning track together and brings the big picture into unmistakable focus in an ambitious and highly-rewarding final project.  All “BIG Tech” learning track students will come back together in this semester-long technical challenge and work in cross-functional teams to solve a real-world problem.  Based on their earlier “BIG Tech” coursework, students will assume different roles including as engineers, scientists, operators, software developers, and project managers.  The semester will fly by as students self-propel through looming deadlines, teamwork challenges, and a technological challenge that would test the critical-thinking skills of even the most-seasoned teams.  BTC was hand-crafted by world-class technology professionals to graduate young women and men with drive, capacity, experience, and, most important of all, confidence well beyond their years!

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General Engineering Capstone (GEC)

Prerequisites: CEM, EDP, RAS or SDI, TPM
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

The General Engineering learning track culminates in a semester-long capstone design project where the students work in cross-functional teams and drive a complex engineering design project from beginning to end, while managing a budget and project schedule involving multi-faceted business decisions.  GEC will include the following phases:

  1. Requirements Analysis: Students are presented with top-level customer requirements to analyze and negotiate with their simulated customer to ultimately publish a system specification.  The process culminates in a formal System Requirements Review (SRR).

  2. Preliminary & Detailed Design:  Students execute preliminary design outlining basic design decisions to develop the product in compliance with the previously published system specification.  Upon customer approval, detailed design is initiated utilizing trade studies for decision-making.  The process culminates is a Critical Design Review (CDR), where the detailed design is approved for production.

  3. Production: Students manufacture a functional prototype of their selected design and develop detailed component and system-level testing procedures.  After a successful Test Readiness Review (TRR), formal operational testing on the prototype is approved by the customer.

  4. Test & Verification:  Students are required to prove their system capabilities by running formal operational test procedures on the prototype and ultimately declaring whether or not their system complies with the system specification in a final System Verification Review (SVR).

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elective course details & descriptions


Engineering in Ancient Civilizations (EAC)

Prerequisites: None
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

How did the ancient Egyptians raise a 200-metric ton obelisk?  What engineering fundamentals were employed by the Roman Army in defending their own camps, or for laying siege to embedded enemy combatants?  Using actual events as a framework, students will be presented with several historical scenarios that were overcome using the ingenuity of ancient engineers.  Working in teams, students will attempt to solve similar problems by designing prototypes and creating mock-ups based on the same conditions and challenges that ancient engineers were faced with.  Teams will then use the engineering process to test their mock-ups and incorporate design modifications as needed.  EAC culminates in an exciting “battle” between student-designed hardware.  Can we measure up to genius of ancient minds?


Indoor Archaeological Science (IAS)

Prerequisites: None
Recommended previous coursework: None
Scheduled Duration: One semester (75 hours)
Minimum – Maximum Duration: 65 – 90 hours
Alignment: Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Intriguing discoveries from around the world paint epic stories of lost civilizations and ancient practices that have stoked our imagination for generations.  In IAS, you can conduct an archaeological excavation without leaving the classroom!  Following an introduction to basic archaeological concepts, students will be immersed in a contained "field school" environment, where they will excavate, illustrate, and catalog artifacts from a fictional site.  Students will then prepare a final report and presentation on the uncovered archaeological evidence, unraveling the mystery of their “site.”  Woven into the curriculum are breakout sessions that introduce students to different specialties within the field of archaeology as well as presentations about fascinating sites and historical finds from around the world.